"PERMA" picks up on the growing social awareness for more sustainability and aims to establish a resource-efficient circular economy in furniture and object construction. New types of product life cycles and manufacturer-independent compatibility guidelines enable sustainable and flexible reuse and further use of products in a value-preserving form. The development of innovative business models creates a platform for re-use, up-, down- and recycling.
Decreasing raw material volumes are leading to a current change in environmental awareness. On the other hand, the demand for materials in the furniture industry is increasing due to increasing flexibility requirements resulting from rapidly changing forms of office organization such as co-working and open space. In other industries, such as exhibition, trade fair and scenery construction, the useful life of the equipment used is significantly shorter than its actual service life as well. By intervening early in the design and planning processes, products are created whose basic concept serves an increased usage and service life in cycle-oriented business models.
In order to optimise raw material efficiency in terms of holistic reuse and recycling, the ""PERMA"" project consortium is developing an open product and raw material platform. Based on the three-pillar model for sustainability - economic, ecological and social - innovative business models are being developed. The use of environmentally friendly materials and modularity integrated into the product design as well as cross-manufacturer compatibility open up new types of product life cycles. Parameterized modularity in addition to secondary use of the products and their subcomponents, recyclable reuse options through up- and downcycling are first being investigated. Only then a return of raw materials via recycling is considered.
The basis for this is a technically implemented, holistic representation of occurring product structures and life cycles. Within the utilization concept, manufacturing characteristics and criteria are collected, with which reuse parameters are defined. New as well as used furniture and material components of various actors in the furniture and equipment industry can thus be made available for further use via the platform with corresponding parameterisation of their product and quality characteristics.
In addition to a secondary use of the products and their sub-components, recyclable reuse possibilities through up- and downcycling are being investigated. Only finally will the return of raw materials via recycling be considered. The basis for this is a technically implemented, holistic representation of occurring product structures and life cycles.
Within the utilization concept, manufacturing characteristics and criteria are collected, with which reuse parameters are defined. New as well as used furniture and material components of various actors in the furniture and equipment industry can thus be made available for further use via the platform with corresponding parameterisation of their product and quality characteristics.
Open IT platform
Initially, the two manufacturing companies SYSTEM 180 GmbH and kubix GmbH will work together to develop innovative business models. Derived from this, product structures and application requirements will be discussed, which will serve as a basis for the creation of the platform. Furthermore, an evaluation matrix of recyclable product and quality features will be established with the participating scientific institutions, the Eberswalde University of Applied Sciences and the Technical University of Berlin. Finally, corresponding results will decisively determine the structure of the platform, the prototypical installation of which will be carried out by the IT company StoneOne GmbH.
With an appropriate process framework and a methodological toolbox as well as design rules, participating companies will be supported in the resource-efficient design of products throughout the entire product development process. By centralising processes and activities within the platform, the positive resource effects are increased in the form of extended service life and intelligent, cross-sector business models for reuse and further use throughout the entire cycle.
By opening up the platform to various stakeholders - from raw material suppliers to users - a large community can be reached and resource efficiency along the entire furniture and component cycle can be optimally designed. Cross-manufacturer combination options for modular components contribute significantly to increasing flexibility and the overall value proposition for customers.
Project sheet - in German (August 2019)
The project sheet provides a clear overview of the research project.
Contributions to the ReziProK Kick-off event in December 2019
Poster - in German (December 2019)
Presentation - in German (December 2019)
Picture credits: System 180 GmbH; kubix GmbH